Introducing the brain: adding a second language (Introduction)

by David Turell @, Wednesday, November 18, 2020, 20:36 (11 days ago) @ David Turell

Not just on the expected left side:

"The two sides of the brain don't evenly split labor for every function. In most people, language relies on the left hemisphere, but the right hemisphere can take over after an injury to the left. The right hemisphere can also contribute when learning a new language, making it unclear if the left hemisphere is actually specialized for language.

"Gurunandan et al. used fMRI to compare neural activity between hemispheres in adult language learners while reading, listening, and speaking in their native and new languages. In the earlier stages of language learning, native and new languages looked quite similar in the brain, but in advanced learners, the two languages were more distinct. The native and new languages were able to recruit opposite hemispheres for comprehension but speaking either language remained reliant on the left hemisphere. These results suggest production is hard-wired to the left hemisphere, while comprehension is more flexible.

"This may explain why it is more difficult to learn to speak a new language as an adult, even though it is possible to learn to understand it quite well."

Comment: Young kids have it so much easier. We obviously lose brain plasticity for this function as we age. But it emphasizes the design which lets newborns learn language quickly to facilitate their joining into family and group activity.

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