Cosmologic philosophy: fine tuning of early sun rotation (Introduction)

by Balance_Maintained @, U.S.A., Wednesday, September 26, 2018, 23:04 (479 days ago) @ David Turell

A slowly rotating sun early on its life would have prepared the Earth for life. This is a theory suggested by findings but not yet proven:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2018/09/23/early-suns-goldilocks-rotation-ra...

"Our early Sun’s rate of rotation may be one reason we’re here to talk about it, astrobiologists now say. The key likely lies in the fact that between the first hundred million to the first billion years of its life, our G-dwarf star likely had a ‘Goldilocks’ rotation rate; neither too slow nor too fast.

"Instead, its hypothetical ‘intermediate’ few days rate of rotation guaranteed our Sun was active enough to rid our newly-formed Earth of its inhospitable, hydrogen-rich primary atmosphere. This would have enabled a more habitable, secondary atmosphere composed of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and oxygen to eventually form.

"If it had been a ‘fast’ (less than one day rotator), our Sun might have continually stripped our young planet of its secondary atmosphere as well. However, if it took more than 10 days to rotate, it might not have been active enough to strip Earth of its hypothetical primary atmosphere.

***

"Researchers are able to roughly pinpoint the Sun’s early rotation rates by studying the isotopic ratios of neon, argon, potassium, and uranium here in Earth’s crust. That is, elements which have atoms that have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, but different numbers of neutrons. The researchers also considered such isotopic ratios from decades’-old Venus surface samples taken by Soviet Venus lander missions.

"Isotopic ratios are changed by stellar activity, with less active and more active stars having different elemental effects.

"When very early Venus and Earth accreted, potassium was also in the primordial atmosphere and could escape, says Lammer. In contrast, he says the much heavier element of uranium remained fixed in our planet’s crust.

***

"There’s one big puzzle, however. Was our Sun truly a Goldilocks rotator, or did our Earth need the Moon-forming impact to get rid of our planet’s primordial atmosphere?
To explain our existence without our Moon-forming impact, we need to be a ‘Goldilocks’ intermediate rotator, says Luftinger.

"That’s because a secondary atmosphere cannot evolve in the presence of a primordial atmosphere , says Luftinger.

"Yet to better constrain the Sun’s young rotation rate, researchers need new isotope samples from Venus. Luftinger estimates that about a third of all sunlike stars are Goldilocks intermediate rotators."

Comment: with all the other signs of fine tuning I wouldn't be surprised to find the sun developed in the way this article discusses.

It would make sense.

--
What is the purpose of living? How about, 'to reduce needless suffering. It seems to me to be a worthy purpose.


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