Magic embryology: placenta maintains symmetry (Introduction)

by Balance_Maintained @, U.S.A., Tuesday, September 18, 2018, 00:42 (1381 days ago) @ David Turell

How does the embryo maintain symmetry in growth is shown:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-mammals-maintain-symmetry-during-develop...

"Species with symmetrical body plans have been roaming the earth for about 400 million years. Human beings have long shown an intense interest in this property in our own species—

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"Now scientists have gone a step further. Alberto Roselló-Díez, a developmental biologist currently at the Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute at Monash University, led a study of how a mouse fetus maintains symmetry as it develops. By making one of the fetus’s limbs grow more slowly than the other, the team observed how cells communicate to ultimately correct the asymmetry. No study had successfully examined this phenomenon until now.

"After a year of failed attempts, Roselló-Díez and his team created a model in mice. Borrowing a technique previously developed for modifying cells in a laboratory dish, the researchers injected into the mouse fetus’s left hind leg a type of cell that restricted the leg’s growth. They found that the cells surrounding the suppressed tissue communicated with the placenta, which then signaled the rest of the organism’s tissues—including the other hind leg—to slow their growth until the hindered limb caught up. Then, uniform growth resumed.

"Think of this process as a “three-legged race,” says Kim Cooper, a cell and developmental biologist at the University of California, San Diego, who was not involved in the study. “If one person is going faster, it’s harder to stay in sync. This placenta mechanism makes it possible for the slower one to catch up,” Cooper says.


"The study offers insight into limb development and so-called catch-up growth. But the research also raises new questions: for example, once the limb has reached the same level of growth, how does the other limb know to start growing again? “We kind of expect symmetry in our limbs,” says Adrian Halme, a cell biologist at the University of Virginia, who was also not involved with the study. “But how they achieve that symmetry is really striking.'”

David Comment: In placental embryology the control systems have to be designed, when one recognizes that there is no competition for survival of the fittest as Darwin proposes. The fetus is in as safe place for its development and that development must have feedback loop controls. From my standpoint embryology is a complete refutation of Darwin style chance evolution.

And there is no other way to explain that mechanism than design. Fascinating.

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What is the purpose of living? How about, 'to reduce needless suffering. It seems to me to be a worthy purpose.


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